Types of Sentences

According to IELTS examiner, Barbara Adama, a friend of mine working for the British Council, “One of the most common weaknesses which I find in essays of many candidates is that most of the sentences are too short or too basic”. In your essay, the examiner will be looking for sentence variation when they grade you for your grammatical range. Hence you must know how to use them correctly. To understand sentence structure, you need to have an idea of clauses.

What is a clause then?

A clause is a group of words with subject/s verb/s.

1 clause 
IT and Science are interrelated to each other.
Subject- IT, Science
Verb– are
2 clauses 
IT and Science are interrelated to each other when we talk about its development.
1st clause: IT and Science are interrelated to each other 
2nd Clause: we talk about its development.

Now, Sentence Types.

There are four types of sentences:

  1. Simple
  2. Compound
  3. Complex
  4. Compound-Complex

1. Simple Sentences

A simple sentence is one clause with a subject and verb.


simple sentence has the most basic elements that make it a sentence: a subject, a verb, and a completed thought.

Examples of simple sentences include the following:

  1. Joe waited for the train.
    “Joe” = subject, “waited” = verb
  2. The train was late.
    “The train” = subject, “was” = verb
  3. Mary and Samantha took the bus.
    “Mary and Samantha” = compound subject, “took” = verb
  4. I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station.
    “I” = subject, “looked” = verb

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